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OneWellness December 21, 2022

Hypertensive Heart Disease

Medically Reviewed by undefined

Written by Chioma Chukwunedu

When high blood pressure lingers for many years, it causes hypertensive heart disease. Hypertensive heart disease is a group of cardiovascular conditions that develop in people who have high blood pressure.

When blood pressure is not properly managed, there is a strain on the heart. The strain on the heart makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood. The heart muscles and walls of blood vessels get thick and weak leading the heart to fail.

“What happens when hypertensions lingers for long without proper treatment and management? Answer: Hypertensive Heart Disease“

WHO ARE AT RISK?

  • People who do not manage their blood pressure.

  • Patients older than 65 years who have high blood pressure.

  • Women with high blood pressure are three times more likely to develop hypertensive heart disease and men with high blood pressure are two times more likely.

  • Adults older than 45 years

  • People who have diabetes

  • People who have high cholesterol.

  • People who do not exercise.

  • People who eat a high-salt diet


CAUSES

High blood pressure that is not treated and managed causes hypertensive heart disease.

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SYMPTOMS

  • Weakness

  • Dizziness

  • Fainting

  • Chest pain

  • Shortness of breath

  • Palpitations

HOW COMMON IS HYPERTENSIVE HEART DISEASE?

Nearly 50% of the population has hypertension and half of this population do not properly manage or treat hypertension.


HOW CAN HYPERTENSIVE HEART DISEASE BE TREATED?

  • Your doctor would treat the underlying condition that led to you developing hypertensive heart disease. It could be hypertension, obesity, diabetes, lung disease, chronic kidney problems, etc.

  • You would also be asked to change certain lifestyle habits. You might be asked to exercise more, eat less salty foods, lose weight, drink less alcohol, and stop smoking and using tobacco.

  • Your doctor would prescribe medicines to treat cardiovascular issues that treat high blood pressure, make it easier for your heart to pump blood, and loosen your blood vessels.


IF I HAVE HYPERTENSIVE HEART DISEASE, HOW CAN I TAKE CHARGE OF MY HEALTH TO LIVE HEALTHIER?

  • Go for check-ups regularly.

  • Use your medicines as prescribed by your doctor.

  • Change your lifestyle habits. Eat healthily. Cut down on salt. Exercise more. Drink less alcohol. Stop smoking and using tobacco. Lose weight.


HOW CAN I PREVENT HYPERTENSIVE HEART DISEASE?

Get your blood pressure checked frequently. Treat it early if you discover that you have high blood pressure.


CAN HYPERTENSIVE HEART DISEASE BE CURED?

No. It can be treated and managed.

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