Medically Reviewed by Pharm Chioma
Written by Adaobi Oduenyi
What is Personalized Medicine?
Precision medicine" or "personalized medicine is the ability of healthcare professionals to come up with customized medical therapy that is suited to a patient's genetic profile, way of life, and surroundings. This method of medicine can be used to transform healthcare by offering patients more individualized and efficient treatments while at the same time, it can minimize the negative side effects of the usual conventional one-size-fits-all methods.
Personalized medicine can aid in dissecting a person's genetic profile, and provide detailed information about the underlying root causes of diseases and potential treatments, and all of this can be done at a reasonable cost by mapping out a patientâs entire genome combined with the recent developments in genomic sequencing technology, personalized medicine can reveal a wealth of information about the person;
And the response to different treatments.
Personalized medicine can be used to treat cancer, but because of how complex cancer is, conventional cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation have been shown to have limited efficacy and frequently have negative side effects.
Personalized treatments can come up with a more focused treatment strategy that will be more likely to be effective while at the same time reducing adverse effects that can be used by doctors to analyse the genetic abnormalities that can be fueling the growth of a patient's tumour.
Personalized medicine can also be used in the treatment of genetic disorders, such as cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anaemia, and Huntington's disease, by analyzing a person's DNA, doctors will be able to pinpoint the precise genetic mutation that is causing a condition and provides targeted medicines that can fix these genetic errors.
Tailored therapy has many advantages and it goes beyond just curing illnesses, as it can be used to stop a disease before it even starts. It can help doctors create customized prevention plans that can assist people in preventing the emergence of chronic diseases like diabetes, heart disease, and Alzheimer's disease by examining an individual's hereditary risk factors.
“Personalized medicine has enormous potential for the future of healthcare, despite these obstacles. Healthcare practitioners can deliver more effective and individualized care while lowering the toll that disease has on patients, families, and society at large by being able to customize therapies to a person's particular genetic makeup.“
Personalized medicine has a very promising future, but there are still many obstacles to sort out before it is widely adopted in healthcare. One such obstacle is the still-relatively-high cost of genetic sequencing, which is still a stumbling block that has prevented many patients from still being able to access it.
There are still privacy and security concerns, which brings the need for clear rules on how to utilize and disseminate the data gotten from this technology.
Personalized medicine has enormous potential for the future of healthcare, despite these obstacles. Healthcare practitioners can deliver more effective and individualized care while lowering the toll that disease has on patients, families, and society at large by being able to customize therapies to a person's particular genetic makeup.
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